Some researchers have required the CBD to adopt a worldwide, quantifiable target based upon species extinction. Is this an excellent concept?
If the biodiversity community prospers in coming up with such a target that resonates with everyone, in the manner in which the climate-change neighborhood has, that would be exceptional. It will be hard to come up with one response due to the fact that of the diverse nature of the problems on the biodiversity agenda. Unless we can develop a target that addresses the chauffeurs of biodiversity loss, we need to tread carefully. But if we prosper, that will be the very best outcome possible, due to the fact that then it becomes a tune everyone will sing, and that everybody can line up with to deliver that one crucial message.
How do you expect geopolitical tensions that have developed throughout the pandemic to affect the negotiations?
We hope that, regardless of any international geopolitical tensions, by speaking in the name of nature, we will be successful in bringing people together. Countries can not handle these problems on their own. We require international cooperation.
Is the financial crisis in the wake of the pandemic most likely to affect the new arrangement?
The significant obstacle now is that countries are dealing with economic recession triggered by COVID-19 and their focus will be on economic recovery. Governments may not have the ability to contribute as numerous resources, both human and financial, towards executing the international variety structure we are preparing as they would have had there not been a pandemic.
We need to ensure that the financial healing constructs into it a green economy and sustainability. We need nations to construct back better, focusing on biodiversity in their stimulus plans and stopping the incentives that have actually led to more deterioration of biodiversity, which might also assist to avoid future pandemics. Some countries have actually already come out plainly in assistance of this. In May, the European Commission adopted a biodiversity technique for 2030, which includes biodiversity loss, environment mitigation and adjustment into their recovery strategies.
How will you guarantee that you do not lose momentum by next year?
My number-one objective is to get more stakeholders engaged and discussing the value of biodiversity and nature, and learning more about the impact of human activities on biodiversity loss, and on environment change, modifications in land usage, pollution and intrusive species.
These stakeholders will assist us by putting favorable pressure on federal governments to settle on an enthusiastic and transformative, post-2020 international biodiversity framework, and can then help us in carrying out the agreement. We do not desire Kunming just to be a meeting of environmental communities, however to include youth, businesses, regional communities, cities and towns.
These efforts are continuing in the virtual world. We have actually had more assessments and more time to prepare and engage during this period. I am seeing a great deal of support and dedication, but for now these are just words. Will they translate into concrete, quantifiable, smart actions that will make a difference? That keeps me up at night.
The existing biodiversity targets have largely stopped working. How will you make sure that the next accord does not?
It is extremely clear that we will stop working, or not be able to achieve all the Aichi targets. The factors for those failures are now known, and we are building those lessons into the draft international biodiversity framework. Unlike the previous goals, the significant difference this time is that all stakeholders, consisting of youth, company and Indigenous groups, have contributed to numerous iterations of the draft.
The celebrations are still the decision-makers who will lastly adopt the framework, but they have recognized that they require the engagement of other groups during the negotiations and in application.
Likewise, while the focus on implementing the Aichi targets involved environmental ministries and departments, this time, health, farming, fisheries, forestry, preparation and financing ministries are getting involved.
This interview has been edited for length and clarity.